where I log denotes the total natural gamma ray/potassium/thorium reading in the zone of interest, A min shows the average natural gamma ray/potassium/thorium response of the clean (clay free) zone, A maximum indicates the average natural gamma ray/potassium/thorium response of the pure clay zone .
There are numerous studies where in fact the Th/You ratio was utilized to recognize this new depositional environment [39, 40]
However, some variations of the above-mentioned parameters can induce large effects on the log responses, so that the linear equation, called gamma ray index (IA in Table 1 when A is the gamma ray log readings), gives an overestimate of the clay contents in the reservoirs. Thus, the linear gamma ray index should be modified using one of the empirically derived non-linear calibration equations such as those introduced by Larinov , Clavier , Steiber , Dewan , or Bhuyan and Passey (Table 1). These transforms are all in the non-linear form except for that of Bhuyan and Passey , which is developed based on the assumption that the estimation of weight percent clay can be modified by multiplying the gamma ray/potassium/thorium index by an empirical correction factor, i.e., C. This factor is basically determined from the weight percent clay content of average shale adjacent to the zone of interest , and commonly ranges from 50 to 70 [10, 13, 14]. Accordingly, the rock can be differentiated as clean, if the calculated clay content is less than 10%; shaly sand if it ranged from 10 to 33% and if it is more than 33%, it is considered to be shale .
The brand new gamma ray pastime on the creation isn’t entirely associated toward clay nutrients.